The second High Peak to be officially granted a name, Santanoni Peak first appeared on a map published by William C. Redfield in 1838 in the American Journal of Science and Arts. The exact origins of the name are unknown. In 1842, Emmons explained that the name had been derived from “Saint Anthony.” Also during that year, Hoffman referred to the mountain as “Sandanona” in a poem. In 1869, Street drew the origins to the Seneca word “Sinondowanne,” meaning “great hill,” but this connection was inaccurate.
State archaeologist Dr. Arthur C. Parker confirmed Emmons’s reasoning, stating “The name Santanoni is derived from the name Saint Anthony and filters down through the French Canadians to the Abenaki Indians, who adopted their own pronunciation of the word… The name was, without doubt, applied by an Adirondack Indian guide of the Abenaki tribe, or perhaps by a St. Regis Indian, whose Saint name would be the same as the Abenaki” (Carson 24). Franciscans often preached to the Abenaki tribe, so it would make sense that they named the mountain to pay tribute to St. Anthony of Padua.
The first known ascent of Santanoni was recorded in 1866 by Theodore R. Davis and Dave Hunter. Today, the peak still lacks a marked trail to the summit and is often hiked in conjunction with Panther Peak and Couchsachraga Peak- the other two mountains in the Santanoni Range. Santanoni stands at an elevation of 4,607 feet and is the 14th highest peak in the Adirondacks.