Figure 3.1 Ceremony honoring the birthday of Confucius, televised by New China TV

The Qufu Confucian ceremonies are a modern perspective on a traditional ceremony. This can be seen in the televised live 2019 ceremony of a reinvention of a ritual commemorating the birth of Confucius. This ceremony is purposely televised in English despite being hosted by a Chinese news network and funded by the Chinese government. This change of language in the ceremony is an attempt to appeal to the international audience and present a more modern perspective on the ceremony. The modern perspective of this ceremony can be seen through the presence of suits and ties that are worn in the ritual by both participants and practitioners. The commentary throughout the ceremony also focuses on the traditions of Chinese culture and the Kong family lineage over the spiritual dimension. The commentators note the history of the temple and the history of the music but completely omit any reference to the Confucian spirit. Another discontinuity in the ceremony is the presence of a statue carved in Confucian’s likeness (29:31) placed above the altar. This directly opposes the Taipei Ritual’s abandonment of altar under their interpretation of the Analects.