Images: 

Figure 1: Preston, Rhea. Main Hall of Confucius Temple. 2010. Flickr. https://www.fli 

ckr.com/photos/prestonrhea/4324977614.

Figure 2.1: Temple of Confucius, Cemetery of Confucius. Quanzhou West Lake Holiday Travel 

Agency. http://www.059517u.com/sight/485.html

Figure 2.2: Destruction of the Ancient Chinese Statue. The Sage and the People:n The Confucian 

Revival in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 188, Figure 7.5.

Figure 2.3: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Logo

https://en.unesco.org/

Figure 3.1: “LIVE: Descendants hold memorial ceremony for Confucius in Qufu, China.” 

Youtube video, 34:27. Sept 27, 2019. www.youtube.com/watch?v=774Bsd_KQ9U.

Figure 4.1: Billoud, Sebastien. Inaugural session of the World Confucian Conference in Qufu, 27 

September 2007. The Sage and the People:n The Confucian Revival in China. Oxford: 

Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 199, Figure 8.1.

Figure 5.1: Fabretto, Mario. The Dragon Flag. Imperial Dragon Flag (China). https://www.crwfl 

ags.com/fotw/flags/cn-dragn.html.

Figure 5.2: First Sino-Japanese War. August 16, 2012. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/

File:First_Sino-Japanese_War.svg#filelinks.

Figure 5.3: The Two Chinas. Geopolitical Intelligence Service. https://www.gisreportsonline.com 

/time-to-accept-a-two-china-policy,politics,2096.html.

Figure 6.1: “臺北市紀念大成至聖先師孔子誕辰-2569週年釋奠典禮.” Youtube video, 55:40. 

Jan 2, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucpBefqPpo8

Figure 6.2: 鼗 Drum (Tao). Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. https://english.tct.gov.ta 

ipei/cp.aspx?n=685D8389DFE82A83.

Figure 6.3: 建鼓 Drum (Jian Gu). Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. https://english.tct 

.gov.ta ipei/cp.aspx?n=685D8389DFE82A83.

Figure 6.4: 編磬 Bian Qing. Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. https://english.tct.gov 

.taipei/cp.aspx?n=685D8389DFE82A83.

Figure 6.5: Wilson, Thomas. DVC00020. https://drive.google.com/open?id=1gzdTdc2xA7WoK 

Vyjebbdqsr-2etPVpRn.

FIgure 6.6: Wilson, Thomas. DVC00046. https://drive.google.com/drive/u/0/folders/1lxyu0NUr 

5YfcX3ADeWcmv4GG-RBDQkki.

Figure 6.7: Wilson, Thomas. DVC00042. https://drive.google.com/open?id=13FB1jxwcfGOOQS 

SOgP04xsCToO_q5kQF.




Figure 7.1: Chiang Kai-Shek. 1953. Encyclopedia Britannica https://www.britannica.com/b 

iography/Chiang-Kai-shek.

Figure T1.1: 曲阜孔廟大成殿. October 7, 2008. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%

E6%9B%B2%E9%98%9C%E5%AD%94%E5%BB%9F%E5%A4%A7%E6%88%90%

E6%AE%BF.jpg.

Figure T1.2: States of Zhou Dynasty. July 10, 2017. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File 

:States_of_Zhou_Dynasty.png.

Figure T1.3: Historical plan of the Temple of Confucius at Qufu, 1912. https://commons.wi 

kimedia.org/wiki/File:Confucius_temple_1912.jpg.

Figure T1.4: National Flag of the Republic of China, used between 1912–1928. February 2, 2006

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_China_(1912%E2%80%931928).svg.

Figure T1.5: War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army. July 21, 2018. https://commons.wikimedia 

.org/wiki/File:War_flag_of_the_Imperial_Japanese_Army_(1868%E2%80%931945).svg.

FIgure T1.6: Flag of the People's Liberation Army. June 15, 1949. https://commons.wikimedi 

a.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_People%2 7s_Liberation_Army.svg.

FIgure T1.7: Cultural Revolution poster. February 18, 2011. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fil 

e:Cultural_Revolution_poster.jpg

Figure T1.8: Suhui, Xu. 2014 Confucian Ceremony. Xinhua News Agency. http://world.c 

hinadaily.com.cn/2014-10/14/content_18737526.htm

Figure T2.1: Taipei Confucius Temple. November 8, 2017. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wi 

ki/File:Taipei_Confucius_Temple_1.jpg

Figure T2.2: Fabretto, Mario. The Dragon Flag. Imperial Dragon Flag (China). https://www. 

crwflags.com/fotw/flags/cn-dragn.html.

Figure T2.3: Mizuno, Tokshita. Long live the Great Japanese Empire! Our army's victorious 

attack on Seonghwan. January 8, 1984. British Library. https.://www.jacar.go.jp/en 

glish/jacarbl-fsjwar-e/gallery/gallery002.html.

Figure T2.4: Elis, Josh. Taipei Confucius Temple. July 10, 2016. https://www.goteamjosh.c 

om/blog/confuciustp.

Figure T2.5: Architecture Figure. Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. https://english. 

tct.gov.taipei/cp.a spx?n=864806373BDE0C2D.

Figure T2.6: Pacific Theater Map. May 8, 2014. https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pacific_Th 

eater_Areas;map1(it).svg.

Figure T2.7: Flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan). November 17, 2005. https://commons.wik 

imedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg
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Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Billioud, Sebastien and Joel Thoraval. The Sage and the People: The Confucian Revival in 

China. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Sun, Anna. Confucianism as a World Religion: Contested Histories and Contemporary Realities. 

New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Taipei Confucius Temple, Last Modified Jun. 19, 2018, https://english.tct.gov.taipei/cp.aspx?n=5 

E7819058F24CC.

Ed. Wilson, Thomas. On Sacred Grounds: Culture, Society, Politics, and the Formation of the 

Cult of Confucius. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002.