Figure 1: Preston, Rhea. Main Hall of Confucius Temple. 2010. Flickr. https://www.fli

Figure 2.1: Temple of Confucius, Cemetery of Confucius. Quanzhou West Lake Holiday Travel 


Figure 2.2: Destruction of the Ancient Chinese Statue. The Sage and the People:n The Confucian 

Revival in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 188, Figure 7.5.

Figure 2.3: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Logo

Figure 3.1: “LIVE: Descendants hold memorial ceremony for Confucius in Qufu, China.” 

Youtube video, 34:27. Sept 27, 2019.

Figure 4.1: Billoud, Sebastien. Inaugural session of the World Confucian Conference in Qufu, 27 

September 2007. The Sage and the People:n The Confucian Revival in China. Oxford: 

Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 199, Figure 8.1.

Figure 5.1: Fabretto, Mario. The Dragon Flag. Imperial Dragon Flag (China). https://www.crwfl

Figure 5.2: First Sino-Japanese War. August 16, 2012.


Figure 5.3: The Two Chinas. Geopolitical Intelligence Service. 


Figure 6.1: “臺北市紀念大成至聖先師孔子誕辰-2569週年釋奠典禮.” Youtube video, 55:40. 

Jan 2, 2020.

Figure 6.2: 鼗 Drum (Tao). Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. 


Figure 6.3: 建鼓 Drum (Jian Gu). Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. https://english.tct 

.gov.ta ipei/cp.aspx?n=685D8389DFE82A83.

Figure 6.4: 編磬 Bian Qing. Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. 


Figure 6.5: Wilson, Thomas. DVC00020. 


FIgure 6.6: Wilson, Thomas. DVC00046. 


Figure 6.7: Wilson, Thomas. DVC00042. 


Figure 7.1: Chiang Kai-Shek. 1953. Encyclopedia Britannica 


Figure T1.1: 曲阜孔廟大成殿. October 7, 2008.



Figure T1.2: States of Zhou Dynasty. July 10, 2017. 


Figure T1.3: Historical plan of the Temple of Confucius at Qufu, 1912. https://commons.wi

Figure T1.4: National Flag of the Republic of China, used between 1912–1928. February 2, 2006

Figure T1.5: War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army. July 21, 2018. https://commons.wikimedia 


FIgure T1.6: Flag of the People's Liberation Army. June 15, 1949. https://commons.wikimedi 7s_Liberation_Army.svg.

FIgure T1.7: Cultural Revolution poster. February 18, 2011. 


Figure T1.8: Suhui, Xu. 2014 Confucian Ceremony. Xinhua News Agency. http://world.c

Figure T2.1: Taipei Confucius Temple. November 8, 2017. 


Figure T2.2: Fabretto, Mario. The Dragon Flag. Imperial Dragon Flag (China). https://www.

Figure T2.3: Mizuno, Tokshita. Long live the Great Japanese Empire! Our army's victorious 

attack on Seonghwan. January 8, 1984. British Library. https.:// 


Figure T2.4: Elis, Josh. Taipei Confucius Temple. July 10, 2016. https://www.goteamjosh.c 


Figure T2.5: Architecture Figure. Taipei Confucius Temple: Governing Board. https://english. spx?n=864806373BDE0C2D.

Figure T2.6: Pacific Theater Map. May 8, 2014. 


Figure T2.7: Flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan). November 17, 2005. https://commons.wik

Asad, Talal. Genealogies of Religion. “Towards A Genealogy of the Conception of Ritual.” 

Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Billioud, Sebastien and Joel Thoraval. The Sage and the People: The Confucian Revival in 

China. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Sun, Anna. Confucianism as a World Religion: Contested Histories and Contemporary Realities. 

New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Taipei Confucius Temple, Last Modified Jun. 19, 2018, 


Ed. Wilson, Thomas. On Sacred Grounds: Culture, Society, Politics, and the Formation of the 

Cult of Confucius. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002.