The prayer cards are a new practice that emerged in Confucius Temple as a part of the revival. These cards are derived from the Shinto practice of ema, a type of prayer card carved in wood, and were brought into Confucian ritual spaces after the director of the Shanghai Confucian Temple Administration Office went to visit Japanese Shinto shrines. Prayer cards, as shown in the figures above, are made of paper and are most commonly red. These prayer cards are discontinuous with other material offerings because they are meant to be displayed rather than burned. This act of burning contains spiritual significance in Confucianism because it is an act of transporting material goods into the spiritual realm. These cards are not a part of this tradition of rituals but are instead a purely new practice that acts within the realm of personal rites. This personal dimension of the prayer cards allows them to act as a form of tourist engagement and a source of revenue for the temple.