“Noting that President Chiang Kai-shek had established a special holiday for cultural revival in 1956, the publisher proclaims Taiwan the bastion for preserving Chinese values.

Julia K. Murray, On Sacred Grounds, page 250


The revival of the Taipei Confucian Temple is a part of the Chinese Cultural Renaissance movement. This movement was a direct response to the Cultural Revolution occurring in mainland China. ROC President Chiang Kai Shek (Figure 7.1) sought to preserve Chinese traditions on the island of Taiwan. This movement served as a way for the ROC to claim legitimacy to act as a guardian over traditional Chinese history and value. The movement emphasized Confucianism as a core part of the Chinese identity, commissioning several similar acts of revival throughout Taiwan like the reissuing of classic Chinese literature and the promotion of Confucian principles in everyday life. The Chinese Cultural Renaissance movement was a political measure used by the ROC to contrast itself with the mainland and the horrors of the Cultural Revolution.